Although New Jersey is the fifth-smallest State in the nation, it is also one of the most ethnically diverse. In 2000, Caucasians made up 72.6 percent of the population, 13.6 percent of the population was African-American, 5.7 percent was Asian, 0.2 percent was Native American, and those of mixed heritage or "not reporting race" made up 7.9 percent of the population. Hispanics, who may be of any race, were 13.3 percent of the population and were primarily of Puerto Rican or Cuban origin.
New Jersey lies between New York City and Philadelphia, in the heart of a highly urbanized area, and it is the second most urbanized State, behind California. It is the most densely populated State, with an average population density of 1,176 per square mile in 2000. New Jersey is the only State in which all 21 counties are officially classified as "metropolitan" by the census. New Jersey has high accessibility to markets and a dense system of highways, railroads, tunnels, and bridges that connect it with New York City and Philadelphia. All of these factors influence substance abuse patterns and transportation.
The New York-New Jersey region is the Northeast United States center for narcotics trafficking--both a gateway and a marketplace. The area is ideal for importation of drugs through two major international airports and several domestic airports; two major railroad complexes and the hundreds of miles of subway tracks; extensive waterfront with various points-of-entry, including the Port of New York--the third-largest port in the country--and a complex network of highways, bridges, and tunnels bringing more than a billion people into New York City each year.
The metropolitan area offers numerous opportunities and avenues to convert illicit funds into a form unidentifiable by the banking system and more readily acceptable in world trade. In addition, the area's multicultural population allows ethnic-based drug organizations to operate within widely recognized ethnic enclaves without arousing suspicion. Despite the fact that crime in New York City and New Jersey has decreased dramatically, much of the remaining crime is directly attributable to the drug trade.
Counties in New Jersey where drug and alcohol abuse are a great concern are: Essex, Monmouth, Ocean, Camden and Middlesex. This includes the cities of Newark, Jersey City, Paterson, Elizabeth, Edison, Toms River, Trenton, Brick Township, Camden, Clifton, Cherry Hill, Passaic, East Orange, Union City, Vineland, Bayonne, Irvington, North Bergen, Wayne, Union, Parsippany, and New Brunswick.
Heroin is the most prevalent illicit drug of abuse in the New Jersey area. Data provided by The New Jersey Division of Addiction Services (DAS) reveal that the percentage of 18 to 25-year-olds in the State of New Jersey using heroin is more than twice the national average. Cocaine also continues to be a popular drug in New Jersey. Crack, which remains readily available throughout the State, is particularly prevalent in lower income communities throughout the State.
New Jersey Heroin Abuse and Heroin Addiction Treatment
New Jersey Substance Abuse Monitoring System reported in 2011 that the percentage of admissions for heroin as a primary drug of choice or abuse declined from 41% to 33%, but it is still the most abused drug of all addiction treatment admissions in New Jersey. In addition for those reporting heroin as their primary drug of abuse, alcohol, marijuana, other opiates, and benzodiazepines are the most common secondary drugs of abuse.
Heroin Addiction Treatment Characteristics in New Jersey
Heroin addiction treatment in New Jersey is more likely to have medication-assisted therapy planned during treatment than other drug admissions. Methadone was used as a primary heroin addiction treatment in 30% of the cases, and Suboxone for 24% of the heroin addiction treatment cases in New Jersey. Research supports the finding that opioid addiction can be treated effectively with medications when they are administered under conditions of pharmacological efficacy and when treatment includes necessary supportive therapeutic services. Research has indicated that the length of stay in heroin addiction treatment in New Jersey is positively related to treatment success. Especially for heroin users, retention rates are important indicators of heroin addiction treatment effectiveness, since some research indicate that retaining clients in heroin addiction treatment decreases the risk of contracting and transmitting diseases such as HIV and is more successful in averting relapse than short-term heroin addiction treatment.
Addiction Treatment Programs
A Center for Addiction Recovery offers the following addiction treatment services for New Jersey residents:
- Drug Addiction Treatment
- Alcohol Addiction Treatment
- Prescription Drug Addiction Treatment
- 12 Step Program
- Corporate/Executive Addiction Treatment
- Dual Diagnosis Treatment
- Cutting Addiction Treatment
- Gambling Addiction Treatment
- Sex Addiction Treatment
- ADD/ADHD Treatment
- Bipolar Treatment
- Depression/Anxiety Treatment
- Eating Disorder Treatment
- Mood Disorder Treatment
- Post Traumatic Stress Treatment
- Aftercare Program
For more information on our drug and alcohol detox, drug and alcohol rehab programs, or for a confidential consultation you can contact us:
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A CENTER FOR ADDICTION RECOVERY
Clinical Excellence and Compassionate Care in a Healing Environment